Location Information
(for the Old Mississippi State Capitol)
Name:(Old) Mississippi State Capitol [Old Capitol]
Address:100 State Street, North
City/County:Jackson, Hinds County
Architectural Information
Construction Date:1836-40
Architectural Styles(s):Greek Revival
No. of Stories:3
Registration Information
NHL Listing Date:14 Dec 1990
NR Listing Date:25 Nov 1969
NR District Name:Spengler's Corner Boundary Increase
NR Status:Contributing
Element No.:19
View National Register Nomination Form
Mississippi Landmark Information
Book/Vol. No.:V. 3246, p. 113
Brief Description
A three-story, thirteen-by-five-bay “capitol form” Greek Revival building with a raised basement of coursed stone surmounted by two upper floors of brick. The façade faces west and is a reflection of the building’s situation at what was in the 1830s the eastern edge of the city. The front and side elevations were stuccoed and scored to resemble stone, but he more plainly detailed rear elevation was finished in natural brick. The upper two stories are divided into panels by pilasters which rest on a stone belt course and support a full entablature with stone cornice. The entablature continues around the portico where it is supported by Ionic columns, but the entablature is expressed on the rear elevation only by corner returns. The slightly projecting end bays of the western façade are framed by paired pilasters and crowned by parapet walls with stone coping. The parapet wraps around all elevations of the building but is higher and more articulated at the end bays of the façade and at the side elevations, which are further enriched by central tablets flanked by stone volute buttresses. Decoratively cared stone lintels top the windows of the second and third stories on the front and side elevations, plainer peaked stone lintels are a feature of the windows on the rear elevation, and the basement windows of the front and side elevations are set into recessed panels. The windows are filled with twelve-over-twelve, double-hung sash on the basement and principal stories, but the lower height of the uppermost story is reflected in its twelve-over-eight, double-hung sash. The dome is surmounted by a lantern with finial and multi-light windows framed by Grecian pilasters. Set beneath the dome is the building’s dominant pedimented five-bay portico, the tympanum of which is lighted by a small circular window. The entablature of the portico is supported on the upper two stories by six fluted, Ionic stone columns echoed by a pair of unfluted antae that flank the sheltered portion of the façade. The columns are all linked by a delicate iron balustrade. On the basement level, the portico is supported by an ashlar-faced arcaded loggia. The principal entrance is from the basement loggia, which has a groin-vaulted ceiling and three pairs of glazed doors opening into an entrance foyer. A secondary loggia entrance is located in the center bay
of each side elevation and is defined by stone frontispieces composed of fluted Doric columns set in antis and supporting a full entablature. Each doorway is framed by scrolled pilasters that support a frieze with enriched cornice and consists of a pair of double-leaf glazed doors flanked by sidelights over molded panels.