Location Information
(for the Mercer-Laird House)
Name:Mercer-Laird House
Address:118 Wall Street, South
City/County:Natchez, Adams County
Architectural Information
Construction Date:c.1815
Architectural Styles(s):Federal
No. of Stories:2
Remodeling Date:1897-1904
Registration Information
NR Listing Date:09 Aug 1979
NR District Name:Natchez-On-Top-of-the-Hill
NR Status:Contributing
Element No.:619
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Local Designation Information
Local District Name:Natchez Historic District
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Context/Comments
A two-story, hip-roofed, stuccoed brick house without a portico or gallery, the Mercer House is important both for its characteristics which are typical of Natchez c.1820 and for those which are unique for Natchez of that period. The historic name of the house derives from its association with Dr. William Mercer, a distinguished citizen of Natchez and New Orleans, where his house, designed by James Gallier, Sr., in 1844 is today the Boston Club. Tradition has it that the house was used as an auxiliary to Mrs. Mercer's plantation, Laurel Hill, outside Natchez, providing a place for people arriving and departing by steamboat and for normal town visitors.

"Stylistically, the Mercer House relates to Auburn and it is possible that it could have been designed and built by Auburn's architect Levi Weeks, who died after Wilkins sold the property for $20,000 in 1819. An architectural feature unique to these two houses is the slight projection of the central block of the fa├žade. The Mercer House relates to Gloucester in having octagonal-ended rooms, although they are expressed the the Mercer House on the rear, rather than the side elevations. The most outstanding architectural feature of the house is the repretition of finely detailed elliptical fanlights on the entrance doorway and interior doorways" (Mimi Miller, Historic Natchez Foundation, c.1986).